2nd Greenhouse Gas Inventory System Training Workshop
When the UN Member States adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in September 2015, they accepted the challenge of achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 associated targets. One of these goals, SDG 13 on Climate Action, urges the Member States to take action to mitigate climate change and adapt to its impacts. To address the growing concerns on climate change, 185 Parties of 197 Parties to UNFCCC ratified the Paris Agreement to this date. Under the Agreement, all Member States agreed to work to limit the global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and given the severe risks, to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
To achieve this goal, there is a need for investments and financial flows in the right direction, technological advancement and capacity building. Member States should encourage this with proactive and ambitious policies. According to the Agreement, each Party has to set their own greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction target, officially communicated through their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). The Agreement also requires monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of national level GHG emissions and mitigation efforts. Furthermore, updated NDCs should display increased ambition over the years.
In terms of GHG emissions, 33.4 gigatons of GHG were released into the atmosphere in 2018. The Asia Pacific region accounted for 48.8% of the global total, emitting 16.3 gigatons of greenhouse gases. In the same timeframe, Europe and the US combined were responsible for 6.4 gigatons of GHG emissions, accounting for 19% of global emissions. That is less than half of the Asia Pacific’s GHG emissions. It is therefore obvious that the Asia Pacific region plays a crucial role in achieving GHG reduction goals.
The participation of countries in the Asia Pacific region is critical, even more because they will be disproportionately affected by the consequences of climate change. Six of the ten nations most affected by extreme weather events are in Asia and the Pacific. 410 million Asian urban dwellers will be at risk of coastal flooding by 2050 and in the Pacific, sea levels rise four times faster than the global average. Climate change is expected to hike food prices and push Asians into poverty. The initial step towards GHG emission reduction is the establishment of a transparent and reliable GHG Inventory System. This allows countries to monitor, report and verify the current state of emissions.
Concept Note and Agenda (Updated as of 23 August 2019)
Day 1 (January 13, 2020)
Day 2 (January 14, 2020)
Day 3 (January 15, 2020)
Day 4 (January 16, 2020)
To be updated.